Vol 5, No 3 (2019)

Cover Page
Review
Socialization of public transport in the new technological paradigm
Zaitcev A.A.
Abstract

The humanity is entering the 6th technological paradigm. The technologies that shape it, form new sectors of the economy, will trigger change in educational programmes, and emergence of innovative modes of transport and connection.

Maglev transport system, where one of the key advantages over conventional transport is full automation, is a powerful instrument for innovative development of mainline infrastructure, and an optimal solution, that enables achieving digital the socialization of public transport.

In accordance with the laws of transition to the next technological paradigm, transport will face a technical revolution. The existing transport development model is maintained by gigantic infusion of resources. However, it is obvious that this is a backward model, being inadequate to both the society and business.

The development of projects of innovative transport based on maglev technology, will foster development of new materials, technologies and hardware.

The maglev technology is multifunctional, it allows engineering transport systems for various purposes, that correspond to consumers’ changing demand. Its application spheres are not fully exposed yet. However, the key issues, such as economic efficiency, aptitude to meet the society’s and economy’s demand, are proved and obvious.

The Russian president supported project of construction of the Moscow-Saint Petersburg high-speed mainline is ideal for realisation on the basis of maglev technology.

The innovative technology that is able to provide disruptive development of Russia’s transport infrastructure is the maglev technology. Its application in transport industry, that plays a decisive role in development of safety and the country’s connectivity, will secure Russia’s leading position today and guarantee stable economy development in the future.

Transportation Systems and Technology. 2019;5(3):4-17
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State and trait anxiety when making management decisions on the transport
Grigorev N.N.
Abstract

Problems of accidents on maritime fleet for reasons of anxiety has not been studied before. The article presents data on the level of state and trait anxiety of navigators, which are characterized by mental state of high tension, due to the specific situation. Charles D. Spielberger method of testing of ship captains showed that normal (average) level of state anxiety is 62.7 %, and trait anxiety – 52.6 %. Controlling the anxiety may lead to reduction of accidents on transport.

Transportation Systems and Technology. 2019;5(3):18-25
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Perspectives for the development of high-speed transport
Chechenova L.M., Egorov Y.V., Volykhina N.V.
Abstract

Global socio-economic trends require a dramatic acceleration of transport links. The creation of new high-speed transport systems is an urgent task, the success of the solution of which largely determines the improvement of the quality of life and the trade and economic development of states, regions, cities.

The main strategic goal of the development of the transport system is to meet the needs of society, taking into account the value of time and using innovative factors focused on the effective development of a competitive environment, offering quality transport services based on developed infrastructure, and a high level of application of innovative techniques and technologies. The Russian railways as a transport system need a good restructuring due to the fact that its qualitative characteristics, especially infrastructure, are not able to efficiently solve the existing problems of the global economy.

The aim of this article is to study perspective trends for the development of the railway sector in the context of digitalization of the economy.

Transportation Systems and Technology. 2019;5(3):26-35
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Original papers
New Dzungaria Gates for wmlt-corridor: historical necessity
Bogachev V.A., Terentyev Y.A., Koledov V.V., Bogachev T.V.
Abstract

Background: Research is ongoing relating to the analysis of a set of issues that arise in connection with the creation of the operating on the basis of vacuum magnetic technologies a transcontinental high-speed land transport corridor, connecting the eastern regions of China with Russia. As part of the variation calculus task, the geopolitical, economic, social, logistic, geographic, geomorphological, seismological, topographic components of the project are considered, in which it is assumed that the high speed overland route will pass through the north-western part of the historical region of Dzungaria.

Aim: Find the most optimal from the point of view of the above components the location of the most important section of high speed overland route passing through Central Asia.

Methods: Variational methods for solving an optimization problem with the use of a computer math system.

Results: After creating a fairly informative and versatile picture of the region in question, the foundations of the corresponding mathematical models are built.

Conclusion: The New Dzungarian Gates is a key element in choosing the location of a high-speed overland route based on VMLT.

Transportation Systems and Technology. 2019;5(3):36-44
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Key indicators of assessment of effectiveness of railway transport innovative development strategy
Satsuk T.P.
Abstract

Innovative development of railway transport is being implemented in accordance with the tasks indicated in Russia’s 2030 Railway Transport Development Strategy.

Аim: The aim of the article is the analysis of the existing system of effectiveness indicators in JSC “Russian Railways”. The main improvement directions of the key indicators have been identified which provide sustainable development of a company.

Metods: The author has considered complex methods of assessment, which unite qualitative and quantitative indicators, enable identifying factors threatening company’s sustainability during implementation of innovations.

Results: The criteria for choosing a system of key indicators are determined, and classification of existing and applied logical-deductive and empirical-deductive indicator systems is suggested. On the basis of the study, it is suggested to supplement perspectives of the key indicators of effectiveness with identified qualitative indicators and direct and indirect influence risk indicators.

Transportation Systems and Technology. 2019;5(3):45-58
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Analysis of interrelation between level of mobility and transport expenses of population
Bondar S.G.
Abstract

Passenger transport is a basis in the transport system of any country. The task of transport is to provide an opportunity for every person to reach any point of our planet, not only safely, comfortably and quickly, but with little expenses.

Aim: the arm of this study is to evaluate dynamics and share of transport expenses in population of the Russian Federation, and to study interrelation between figure of transport expenses of population and its transport mobility, and passenger transport fares.

Methods: to  achieve the set aim, such common scientific methods as observation, analysis, generalization, and analogy were used.

Results: it is noted that transport expenses of the population increase at a slower pace than consumer spending. When considering the factors affecting the transportation costs of the population, it was determined that against the background of decreasing volumes of passenger traffic there is an increase in transportation tariffs. When comparing the indices of passenger tariffs and the consumer price index, a rapid increase in the cost of passenger traffic compared to prices for consumer goods was noted, which makes transport services less accessible to the public.

Conclusion: The accelerating pace of life and economic realities today pose to transport companies certain tasks to ensure high speeds. High-speed ground transportation is coming to the fore, one of the types of which is a magnetic-vehicle transport, which, in addition to high speed, has certain advantages, such as safety, comfort, energy efficiency and high throughput. The development of new high-speed modes of transport, including a magnetic-casting, will ensure a high level of transport mobility and, accordingly, the country's economic development.

Transportation Systems and Technology. 2019;5(3):59-71
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