MODES FOR REGULAR MASS FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION
Date of receipt: 07.09. 2016
Decision of publication: 30.11. 2016
The article deals with different transport modes for regular mass freight transportation,
their efficiency evaluation is conducted on the bases of cost, operational and environmental
Introduction. Due to demand in ensuring mass transportations between Southeastern
Asia and Europe, there is a topical issue of efficient application of different types of ground
transport. There is a request rising, to use cutting edge achievements in technology, to in-
crease speeds of freight transportation for long distance and their safety and environmental
Analysis. Consideration of cost properties of application of different transport modes
for mass freight transportation allows revealing that the lowest infrastructure cost is typical
for conventional railway transport; the lowest prime cost of transportation is ensured by mag-
lev transport with permanent magnets of the “RosMaglev” technology; the lowest commer-
cially profitable mode of transport for today’s level of science and technology is vacuum
Operationally, the leading project is “RosMaglev”, with the vacuum transport having
the lowest operational efficiency.
From environmental and carrying safety points of view, railway transport has gone pret-
ty far in the recent two decades. However, a more sustainable and safe one is the maglev and
vacuum modes of transport, which is explained by lack of emissions and other types of pollu-
tion, including noise pollution.
In terms of safety, maglev transport is the most competitive mode of transport. Where-
as, vacuum transport is the most dangerous one.
Results. For mass freight transportation, the most promising mode of transport is the
“RosMaglev” permanent magnets maglev transport, according to the authors. The technology
allows significant increase of infrastructure construction costs. The second most promising
mode is conventional railway transport. However, if the demand in transportation is low and
the energy efficient traction rolling stock is implemented, the high-speed freight railway
transport may be highly competitive, especially in countries with developed high-speed rail-
way network. The vacuum transport holds firmly the third place.
Conclusion. The relevance of maglev transport implementation for mass freight transporta-
tions is obvious. The maglev technologies now in use in many countries for carrying passengers
have proved profitable, safe and convenient. Technical “maturity” of these technologies allows
considering all points and factors when constructing maglev freight lines which is very topical due
to increasing need in searching transport routes alternative to sea routes.
Railway transport, high-speed mainlines, maglev transport, vacuum transport, string
transport, regular freight transportation, cost, operational properties, sustainability (environ-
mental friendliness), safety, prospect of implementation, technology “RosMaglev”.