4(10), 2017

(3)5, 2016
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Veniamin K. Fedyukin


Abstract: The solution of an old and urgent scientific and technical problem of
superconductivity of electric current is proposed.

Discrepancies to the facts and internal contradictions of a hypothesis ofsuperconductivity of electric current by bodies, in the conditions of cryogenic temperatures arerevealed. The new (alternate) comprehension of an essence and the adequate theory of thephenomenon which is inaccurately called by the low-temperature superconductivity of electriccurrent without resistance is formulated. The analysis of an Ohm’s law and its restrictionsproves impossibility of emergence of superconductivity. It is claimed that when cooling theconductor its resistance increases, but does not decrease.

When overcooling the conductor there is an isolation of electric current by it. The two-current model and the beginnings of the corresponding theory of an electrical conductivity areoffered. It is shown that according to the actual two-current theory of distribution (current) ofelectric energy on the conductor, superconductivity cannot be. The same conclusion is provedby the law of Joule-Lenz and the facts of increase in resistance from action on the conductor ofan external magnetic field and decrease of temperature of the conductor.It is proved that the physical nature of resistance consists in counteraction of an externalelectromagnetic field (electricity) to the movement on the conductor from the diamagnetic field
self-induced in it. It is claimed that at deep overcooling the diamagnetization of the conductorbecomes more magnetic field of electricity and the conductor turns into the superdiamagneticelectroisolation center (dielectric).

Replacement of the inaccurate doctrine about superconductivity of electricity on longago the alternate and most reasonable theory of a cold superdiamagnetization of substancesoffered by the author of this article allows to solve many problems of practical use of thephenomenon of a superdiamagnetization during creation of new processes and perspectivetechnique of the future.

Key words: superconductivity, superdiamagnetism, insulation electric.