Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University

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Current Issue

No 3 (2020)

Articles
EXPERIENCE IN DESIGNING AN ELECTRONIC TRAINING COURSE ON MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS IN THE MOODLE SYSTEM
Belko Е.S.
Abstract
Currently, the use of e-learning technologies is coming to the fore in education. This is most relevant in the context of higher education, where there is a predominance of modern pedagogical technologies, including e-learning technologies, over traditional ones. In contrast to the presentation of knowledge in a ready-made form in traditional training, e-learning technologies provide for increasing the level of independent work of students at an individual pace on the one hand, providing opportunities for broad communication with other students and joint planning of their activities on the other. The author considers the possibilities of using elements of the Moodle system in the development of a mathematical discipline and shows that Moodle logically complements the traditional form of education. LMS Moodle is one of the most well-known and widespread e-learning management systems. The system is characterized by simplicity and ease of use, wide opportunities for organizing the educational process and monitoring students' knowledge. The article describes in detail the stages of designing an electronic training course for the discipline. The possibilities of the Moodle system for creating an electronic course of the discipline are considered. The article describes the methodological features of developing the information content of the e-learning course. It is reasonable that in the course of training organized in this way, students are involved in active cognitive activity, while students learn a new type of activity in an open access to information, get acquainted with new technologies.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2020;(3):4-10
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THE TEACHERS’ OPINION ON EFFICIENCY OF DISTANCE EDUCATION
Gayvoronskiy V.G.
Abstract
The article presents the findings of large-scale sociological survey titled ‘Assessment of the distance learning mode in the self-isolation conditions by educators of Rostov Region.’ The survey reflects the opinion of 8,079 teachers, including 7,608 women and 470 men, who work in general education. The relevance of the study is significant given that the entire general education system of the Russian Federation was urgently transferred to the distance learning mode due to the rapid spread of novel coronavirus in first-half 2020. The respondents assessed their own technical and material conditions in which they carried out the educational activities. The survey included analyses of the financial capabilities necessary to ensure the educational process in distance learning from home and the state of health of teachers working in the distant mode. The presented findings indicate that the teaching community negatively assessed the transition. The health of teachers suffered due to long hours in front of the computer, the effectiveness of teaching decreased, and transferability of learning deteriorated due to deficiencies in technical equipment. The article draws a general conclusion that for the present distance education cannot be a full-fledged alternative to general education in its traditional form.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2020;(3):11-17
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DISCUSSION ISSUES OF THE USE OF SOCIAL INTERNET NETWORKS IN EDUCATION
Efimov E.G., Abramenko E.V.
Abstract
In article on materials of the analysis of scientific publications the main debatable questions use of social networks in education are formulated. The research optimum forms of use of social networks belongs to the first group of questions, the second group is made by the works devoted discussion of risks of introduction of networks in educational process, and the third group is formed by publications with the analysis of technical aspects. The analysis of the publications showed that the introduction of networks into the daily practices of students is growing, while the introduction of EIOS occurs at different rates. In this situation, it is necessary to take into account the views of students, the formation of skills of their behavior in the network space, since many functions of social networks can be successfully integrated into the EIOS, which will reduce the degree of risks associated with the use of public networks. On the other hand, for employees of educational institutions, the introduction of EIOS will create a system of General social norms and regulatory principles regulating the use of information technologies in the educational process.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2020;(3):18-23
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PATHWAYS FOR TEACHERS’ PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND PREADAPTATION OF PARENTS IN DIRE STRAITS
Ivanova O.A., Shalashova М.М.
Abstract
The article deals with the issue of teachers’ professional development and professional preadaptation and retraining of parents who found themselves in difficult life circumstances due to their child’s serious medical condition and consequently have to change jobs. The article presents MCU’s innovative experience in implementing professional development programmes for teachers and parents in the medical setting. Modular professional retraining programmes allow students to choose the units that fit their educational needs and help them follow their own educational tracks. The article describes the process of creating academic programmes for students’ individual professional development with the help of distance-learning management platforms Moodle and Microsoft Teams. This enables students to work and study at their own pace. We have arrived at the conclusion that at times it is worth using the flipped classroom model and strategy, when students study the course content independently and later take part in discussions and question sessions, exchange their experiences and work on different case studies. Since last year there have been changes in the content, technologies and methods of working with this particular group of students. For instance, there is now an opportunity to add and use resources of non-formal education sphere. After parents successfully complete the course of study, they qualify as tutors who can assist students getting long-term treatment. This can help parents solve two problems. First, it will give them an opportunity to find a new job in the field they qualified in. Then, they will be able to provide professional psychological assistance and academic support to their children in difficult life circumstances.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2020;(3):24-29
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TRAINING FUTURE BACHELORS OF SOCIAL WORK TO USE REGULATORY LEGAL ACTS: A DESCRIPTOR ANALYSIS
Knyazeva A.G.
Abstract
This study seeks to identify methodological foundations of the legal training of bachelors of social work, in particular, training to use of regulatory legal acts. The aim of study was to reveal the descriptors of legal training, developed by Novikov, that characterize methodology as a way of organizing activities. The Russian Professional Standard “Social Work Specialist” and the Federal State Educational Standard 39.03.02 “Social Work” require that the graduates majoring in this discipline acquire the legal competency that is manifested in the ability to use normative legal acts of the international, federal and regional levels to protect and assert social rights of citizens. It is recommended, in training bachelors of social work to use normative legal acts, to identify such descriptors as the activity characteristics, the logical structure, and the temporary structure. Using the analysis and synthesis of scientific and practical activities, the process of training future bachelors of social work is described through its features (standards, personal orientation), principles (organizational, substantive), norms of activity (competence, individualization of training), subject, object, subject matter, forms (interactive seminars on legal framework, workshops), means, methods (organization and implementation of educational and cognitive activities, stimulation and motivation, control and self-control), activity outcomes, and stages (informational and methodological stage, organizational activity stage, conceptual strategic stage, experimental and formative stage). The identification of structural components corresponds to the principles of the systemic approach that allows a deeper study of the essence, content and characteristics of the object under study. The descriptive analysis of training can be used in the system of professional development for social work specialists.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2020;(3):30-36
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EVALUATION OF PROFESSION-ORIENTED FOREIGN LANGUAGE COMPETENCY OF CADETS IN COMPETENCY-BASED APPROACH
Koroleva M.Y.
Abstract
The article addresses the problem of evaluating the profession-oriented foreign language competency of cadets of a military educational establishment of higher education on the basis of the competency-based approach. The quality of education given to military specialists is an important task for any military educational organization of higher education and its chairs. To ensure a high level of training, it is necessary to organize the educational process and the competency evaluation in such a way as to create the necessary conditions for the formation of competencies required by the educational program, and also for the development of cadets' personalities. The article considers the evaluation system for the profession-oriented foreign language competency of cadets in the competency-based approach. A general description of the competency evaluation procedure is given. The proposed recommendations for making evaluation rely on the European experience in education and evaluation according to the competency-based approach. The article specifies twelve types of assignments for evaluation, which are divided into four groups, and gives a practical example of their use in the learning outcome monitoring and the midterm attestation for the foreign language discipline in a higher naval school. It is highlighted that using various types and methods of evaluation is important, and the continuous and differentiated character of such evaluation can provide feedback and ensure the implementation of the competency-based approach in foreign language learning.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2020;(3):37-42
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POLITICAL DISCOURSE AS AN ACADEMIC DISCIPLINE IN PROFESSIONAL TRAINING
Korosteleva L.V.
Abstract
The article argues the relevance of such aca-demic subject as Political Discourse within the framework of philological disciplines of the main educational programs for some bachelor’s degrees. The object of study was Political Dis-course as an area of research in political linguis-tics. The subject of study was the communica-tive components of political discourse, which, if mastered, can contribute to the formation of necessary competencies for the confident navi-gation of the communicative environment. Analysis, synthesis, and historical approach were the main theoretical research methods that helped study different approaches to the study of political discourse and its functions. To de-velop the methodological part (the academic program of the proposed discipline), we used structural analysis, which makes it possible to study the structure of elements constituting po-litical discourse; discourse analysis, which al-lows focusing on both the individual character-istics of the addressant and the contextual analysis; comparative analysis, which com-pares various examples of political discourse, identifies their similarities and differences; modeling, to develop the training program of the Political Discourse discipline. The result of the study was training program ‘Fundamentals of Political Discourse,’ recommended for the Journalism major in institutions of higher edu-cation.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2020;(3):43-51
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HISTORICAL ASPECTS OF VOCATIONAL TRAINING OF STATE CIVIL SERVANTS IN RUSSIA
Litvinenko N.K.
Abstract
The article examines the historical aspects of the professional training of civil servants in Russia. It is shown that the effectiveness of the functioning of the civil service institution largely depends on the quality of vocational training of civil servants. The historiography of vocational training of civil servants in Russia from the 9th to the 19th century is given. The study used the narrative and systemic methods. The article dwells upon the educational institutions that trained civil servants, the studied academic disciplines, and the examinations that students and graduates had to pass. It is noted that the application and reinterpretation of the pedagogical practices of the past, taking into account modern developments, can be instrumental in building an educational system for professional training of civil servants.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2020;(3):52-59
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PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION FOR FUTURE UNIVERSITY TEACHERS: DETERMINANTS OF EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION
Logvinova O.K., Vittenbek V.K., Ivanova G.P.
Abstract
The study is aimed at identifying and analyzing the determinants of effective pedagogical education for future university teachers. Research interest in this issue stems from world wide dramatic changes in higher education caused by interdependent processes of globalization, massification and digitalization, which in turn foregrounds the problem of effective teaching in a more diverse and complex university environment. The research is based on both theoretical analysis and comparison of modern approaches to the problem under study, generalization of pedagogical experience and empirical investigation. The authors focused on students’ expectations and perceptions regarding real and ideal university teachers. Data collection involved the qualitative approach with the use of focus group method as well as focused interviews. The findings obtained helped to substantiate key determinants of effective pedagogical education for future university teachers, namely an opportune content and teaching methods updating, relevant forms of training, consideration of students’ expectations. The results of the research are of interest to a wide range of experts in the field of higher education and can be applied within the courses of “Pedagogy of Higher Education”, “Pedagogy and Psychology of Higher Education”, “Methods of Teaching at the University”, etc.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2020;(3):60-66
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TRAINING PEDAGOGICAL STUDENTS FOR TEACHING SPEECH ETIQUETTE TO PUPILS
Matuszak A.F., Pochitalkina N.Y., Bespalova D.S.
Abstract
The aim of the article is to study the problem of training students for teaching speech etiquette to pupils in linguistic subjects. The research ob-ejectives are studying the concept of speech etiquette, analyzing its structure, developing direction soft raining pedagogical students for teaching speech etiquette. The research is based on a multi-level methodology, which includes the following scientific approaches: system approach, axiological and personality-oriented approaches. The main results in visage clarifying the concept of etiquette in the didactic aspect, studying the structure of students' readiness in the field of etiquette, and investigating the process of future teachers training for teaching etiquette to pupils. The conclusions of the article contain the description of the readiness structure, which includes knowledge of speech etiquette rules, the skills of using basic etiquette expressions, the student’s personal qualities (tolerance of a different opinion, politeness); as well as the content of training pedagogical students, realized via a system of classes, extracurricular activities, teaching practice. The originality and significance of the data obtained lies in the development of a holistic system of training students for teaching speech etiquette to pupils in the linguistic subjects. The practical significance of the research implies that practical experience to train students for teaching speech etiquette to pupils has been suggested in the paper on the example of linguistic subjects. The direction of further research: further research of the problem might be done by means of integrating academic subjects, working out optional courses on the issue in question.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2020;(3):67-72
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EFFICACY OF COMPETENCY-BASED APPROACH IN TEACHING PROCESS OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION IN A UNIVERSITY
Melnikova O.A., Sheveleva I.N.
Abstract
The study addresses the efficacy of the competency-based approach in physical education on the basis of the developed model of universal competency (UC-7) formation. The experimental work at the informational stage involved a questionnaire survey, a physical performance test, studies of morphological and functional indicators and psychophysical state. The organizational-activity stage included a program of methodological-practical and educational-training sessions, based on the personality-oriented approach to physical culture and sports activity and aimed at the formation of special knowledge, abilities and skills that contribute to maintaining the proper level of physical fitness and to ensure full-fledged social and professional activity. The control stage included a questionnaire survey and tests aimed at determining the psycho-emotional state, which allowed determining the level of competency formation in students according to the developed assessment system. The competency-based approach was introduced to the physical educational process based on the universal competency formation model. The educational process was reorganized pursuant to new pedagogical conditions. The results were the improvement of students’ physical activity, fitness and performance; the indicators of pulmonary function improved; and the level of personal and situational anxiety and depression in students decreased.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2020;(3):73-78
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INFLUENCE OF VALUES-BASED ORIENTATIONS OF EDUCATION STUDENTS ON EVOLVEMENT OF THEIR PROFESSIONAL FLEXIBILITY
Savchenkov A.V.
Abstract
There is a need to develop professional flexibility and the values-based attitude to pedagogical activity in future teachers. In recent years, pedagogical activity has been associated with extreme and stressful situations, constantly changing conditions of learning, and general uncertainty. This imposes requirements to the professional flexibility of future teachers. Teachers are required have the stability of their personal qualities, on the one hand, and flexibility, on the other hand. Therefore, this work considers professional stability as a fundamental basis. Professional flexibility of future teachers is understood as a set of emotional, vocational and behavioral flexibilities, which provide a values-based attitude to pedagogical activity, regulation and stability of professional behavior, readiness to respond quickly to changing conditions and challenges of the professional environment by finding original solutions to professional problems. An empirical study of the values-based orientations of 213 first-year students was carried out in the South Ural State Humanitarian Pedagogical University, Chelyabinsk, for four years. It was found that students are orientated towards values that are prioritized in pedagogical activity, and this provides the basis for the successful formation of the values-based orientations to pedagogical activity. In the course of university studies and specially organized work, the existing values-based orientations of future teachers are gradually transformed into a values-based attitude to pedagogical activity, which in turn underlies the evolvement of professional flexibility.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2020;(3):79-85
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VOCATIONAL EDUCATION WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF STATE NATIONAL PROJECT FOR REVITALIZATION OF INDIGENOUS LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES
Sebeleva A.V., Chernopiskaya K.A.
Abstract
The article describes a stage of teaching practicum taken by Master’s students majoring in 44.04.01 Pedagogical Education (Master’s Degree program) with the Khanty Philology profile, where a ‘cross-cutting’ native literature program was developed and tested for general education students. In the framework of the state national project for revitalization of native indigenous languages and literatures, it appears relevant to train educators who can teach indigenous languages and native literatures in a comprehensive school. This study addressed the teaching and philological competencies that should be acquired in the process of vocational training. The research methodology rooted in the general scientific principles of objectivity, integrity, and concreteness. No less important in this work was the principle of historicism underlying the cultural-historical method of studying literature, which requires consideration of genres of works by Yugra’s writers. The systematic principle made it possible to holistically and comprehensively analyze the declared problem, eliminate the fragmentation in its presentation. Using the typological and system-analytical methods, a large amount of material on the studied topic was analyzed. The findings were summarized and the general conclusions were drawn. The modern Russian space of higher education requires new knowledge in the field of culture, language and literature of the Ob Ugrians from the future teacher living in the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug - Yugra. This entails fundamental changes in the professional tasks that are solved by vocational education. Therefore, training must adapt to the requirements of the new context.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2020;(3):86-95
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REFLEXIVE-VALUE SUPPORT OF VOCATIONAL CREATIVE TRAINING OF EDUCATION STUDENTS: THE CONCEPT STRUCTURE
Ustinov I.Y., Karavanov A.A.
Abstract
The aim of this work is to form in different categories of current and future officers a stable idea of the phenomenon of professional-educational culture, disclosure of its basic and functional components, explaining the mechanisms of formation and development of this quality and thus contributing to the efficiency of professional training of military personnel not only in higher military-training institutions, but also directly in the units and units of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. In the study of the characteristics of the professional and educational culture of the officer, the most significant role is played directly by military-educational activity, the unit of analysis of which are its tasks. In turn, the professional-educational culture, being a personal characteristic of the officer, appears as a way of military-educational activity, providing solving various kinds of pedagogical problems. Thus, the process of solving pedagogical problems constitutes the technology of military-educational activity as a component of the training of an officer. The concept of “task of activity” chosen by us as a unit of analysis of military-educational activities has justified the category of «technology of pedagogical activity» as a component of officer training; to consider its task nature, presented by binary groups of analytics-reflexive, constructive-predictive, organizational-activity, evaluation-information and corrective-regulating tasks. Although these task groups are typical of commanders and superiors as subjects of professional military-educational activities, all of them in a particular situation involve an indispensable search for a creative, individual-personality solution.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2020;(3):96-104
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REFLEXIVE-VALUE SUPPORT OF VOCATIONAL CREATIVE TRAINING OF EDUCATION STUDENTS: THE CONCEPT STRUCTURE
Tsiulina M.V.
Abstract
The article presents the structure of the concept of reflexive-value support of vocational creative training of students of pedagogical universities. The said concept is considered as a system whose structure is a logically determined interconnection of three components (values-goal orientations, theoretical content and the normative model for the concept implementation), which sequentially reveal its three aspects (socio-cultural, epistemological and practical). The goal of the concept was determined, and the decomposition of the general goal was presented. The place of the concept in the structure of modern theories of pedagogy and axiology was determined. The factors that outline the boundaries of applicability of the concept were established: objects of reflexive-value support of vocational creative training of students of pedagogical universities; features of the population of the process of reflexive-value support of vocational creative training of students of pedagogical universities; the level of scientific knowledge in the field of methodology, theory, and technique of reflexive-value support of vocational creative training of students of pedagogical universities based on the provisions of system-synergetic, axiological, culturological and reflective-activity methodological approaches.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2020;(3):105-114
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TRAINING EDUCATION STUDENTS IN CIVIC AND PATRIOTIC EDUCATION FOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS: A MODEL
Shkitina N.S., Kasatkina N.S.
Abstract
Training education students of pedagogical universities how to organize civic-patriotic education in secondary schools is a relevant problem due to the latest socio-economic changes and the following revision of the main positions of higher pedagogical education. Based on the conceptual and terminological analysis, we determined a terminological series of basic concepts of the studied problem, such as civic consciousness, patriotism, civic-patriotic education in secondary school, training of education students in civic and patriotic education for secondary school children. Based on the analysis of the author’s positions on the process of training education students in civic and patriotic education for secondary school children, the main characteristics of such training were highlighted. The article presents the author’s definition of the concept of ‘training education students in civic and patriotic education for secondary school children’ that is understood as a training system (theoretical, methodological, practical), the purpose of which is the formation of competence reflecting the maturity of corresponding competencies in students. Based on the theoretical conceptualization of the studied problem, a process model for training education students in civic and patriotic education for secondary school children was created. The model, reflecting the essence and dynamics of the process under study, consists of values-motivational, content-activity and reflexive-corrective stages. The values-motivational component determines the activity that ensures the adoption of pedagogical and universal values that guide the internal emotional orientation of the behavior and activities of the future teacher. The content-activity component reflects the peculiarities of the process of training education students in civic and patriotic education for secondary school children. The ability for critical self-analysis and awareness of one’s activity on the basis of reflection characterizes the reflexive-corrective component. The methodological analysis of the phenomenon under study made it possible to single out the methodological foundations, such as systemic, activity-based and axiological approaches.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2020;(3):115-123
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FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCY OF MASTER OF FINANCE STUDENTS IN BELGIUM
Yablochnikova I.O.
Abstract
The article dwells upon organizational aspects related to the Master’s Degree training and the effective formation of professional competency in the Master of Finance programs in higher educational institutions of Belgium. The Master of Finance programs of the University of Liège, the University of Leuven, the University of Ghent, etc. were analyzed. The disciplines (compulsory and optional) that students study, the required number of ECTS credits, the planned learning outcomes and the terms of study were characterized. The compulsory disciplines contribute to the formation of theoretical knowledge and practical skills for professional activities in the field of public and corporate finance, budgeting, investment, actuarial calculations and banking. In the optional disciplines, the specificity of the financial activity is taken into account, and the knowledge of highly specialized areas of financial activity is formed. The article also summarizes the application procedure and enrollment conditions for the Master of Finance programs and gives the differences in the programs that have the practical focus and the scientific orientation. The formed competencies of Masters of Finance should ensure constant solvency and sustainable development of entrepreneurial structures, manufacturing enterprises, and the financial, economic and tax system of the country as a whole. The results of the system analysis, implemented by the author and presented in this article, can be of interest for education managers, professors and researchers. It is substantiated that a number of positive aspects of the organization of professional training of Masters of Finance in Belgian universities can be replicated in domestic higher schools.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2020;(3):124-131
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