Vol 2, No 4 (2016)

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Review
Creating a magnetogravitational high-speed passenger line "Adler-Kislovodsk-Mineralnie Vody"
Zaytsev A.A., Troitskiy P.S.
Abstract

The article discusses the idea of creating magnetogravitational high-speed railway (MSM) for passenger traffic on the route "Adler – Kislovodsk – Mineralnie Vody".

Introduction: MSM linking the main resorts of the North Caucasus will have an agglomeration effect on their development by bringing more tourists, will create a market of transportations in between these recreational facilities, which are now essentially absent.Analysis: With the appearance of the line MVSM 5 disparate resorts - Sochi, KVM, Arkhyz, Elbrus, Dombay - will become a major mixed-use resort cluster offers Spa services, ski programs and a seaside holiday. The cluster will have 2 of the airport of Sochi and Mineral Waters associated MSM, marine station, and the lines of the existing railway. The numbers of annual tourist arrivals in the structure of passenger traffic, investment costs and cost of travel are the most influencing payback. The project itself MVSM designed for tourists. Therefore, necessary deep pricing policy on tariffs for transportations on the line. In the first two years of operation of the highway in the financial model includes the cost of travel along the route 1 end in the amount of 1000 rubles. For the average family of three people a day excursion from Adler to Anapa, in particular, will cost 6000 RUB.

Results: The necessity of using magnetogravitational technology on this high speed line due to the difficult mountainous terrain of the route, Maglev's ability to overcome steep slopes, turns with smaller radius curves in comparison with the technology "wheel-rail". As well as a lower negative impact on the nature of the Great Caucasus nature reserve.

Conclusions: Formulated the main idea associated with the construction of high speed railway. Given economic evaluation of the effectiveness of the proposed project

Transportation Systems and Technology. 2016;2(4):5-14
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Perspectives of practical realization of the transport system «Monojet»
Milovanova E.A., Lyubchenko I.A., Milovanov A.I.
Abstract

As transport system «Monojet» includes design ideas in the field of development of over ground  suspended transport systems it will allow:

  • to master effectively vital space of Siberia, the Far East and North of the country;
  • to strengthen defence potential of the country: to create the network of defence objects connected by the transport system including high speed and lifting mobile means of military technique and troops delivery;
  • to revive native aircraft vehicles which are not in operation now and to stimulate the building of native civil aircraft construction;
  • to create possibilities for innovations in the field of science and technique; to ensure technological progress in order to solve the import replacing tasks;
  • to change in the world public opinion the reputation of the country as supplier of raw material proposing transport services ( to counterbalance, for example, Chinese «Silk Road») and new transport means for civil purposes;
  • to contribute to the growth and strengthening of patriotism and to provide the rising generation with fair working activity in the future by stimulating motivation of the youth technical creation.
Transportation Systems and Technology. 2016;2(4):15-24
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Development of high traffic in russia: Мaglev
Aksenov N.A.
Abstract

The article presents the advantages Maglev transport compared with other modes of transport. Analyzed data estimate the cost of construction magnitolevitatsionnoy highway.

Introduction: This article describes the results achieved by the possible use of magnitolevitatsionnyh technologies in transport. The article describes the work required for the project to establish a freight line using Maglev technology.

Goal: the rationale for the use of magnitolevitatsionnyh technologies for the development of high-speed movement in Russia.

Method: It considered the founding document: "Transport Strategy of the Russian Federation for the period till 2030" for the development of the network schedule of the project construction of highway trucks using magnetic levitation technology. It presents potential risks that may affect the project.

Results: Implementation of container cargo transport magnitolevitatsionnym will meet the growing demand for cargo transportation, reduce the time of delivery of goods in transit.

Conclusions: The project will improve the efficiency of the transport system, reduce total costs and create a basis for further development of similar projects in Russia and abroad.

Transportation Systems and Technology. 2016;2(4):25-34
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Original papers
Features design and construction of artificial structures for Maglev - roads
Talashkin G.N.
Abstract

The article is devoted to the design and construction of artificial structures.

Introduction: A brief analysis of foreign experience in the design and construction of bridges and overpasses for roads with magnetic levitation technology (maglev-roads). The basic parameters and design and technology solutions span structures of various sections and pillars.Analysis: Based on international experience, discussed the use of different materials for possible use in the construction of roads, maglev, such as concrete and steel, as well as composite materials. The operation of superstructures of various lengths and systems. The estimation of man-made structures of a continuous system, which can reduce their material consumption due to a more favorable distribution of forces arising in the beams.

Results: The possible construction methods magnetic levitation roads, such as the use of scaffolding , moving from a flight to flight as the concreting sections, as well as the method of cyclical longitudinal sliding, which combines the serial production of sections of continuous superstructure on the stocks and longitudinal shifting collected whip of several sections on axis of the bridge.

Conclusions: Formulated the main technical problem related to the construction of artificial structures.

Transportation Systems and Technology. 2016;2(4):35-59
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High temperature limit for ceramics on the copper for transport systems based on magnetic levitation
Syromyatnikov A.G.
Abstract

The article talked about the properties of high-temperature ceramics to copper for transport systems on a magnetolevitation basis.

Introduction: On the method of secondary quantization in the diagram technique [1] for the four Fermion interaction with potential with a solid core of [2-3] considered the phase transition at high temperatures. Summation of diagrams of perturbation theory was in its most general form. The transition to the high temperature limit is produced directly in the main equation of superconductivity for the energy gap, which causes this equation to a linear integral equation. Most solved exactly. Twice the value of core wired with lattice parameter for the number of compounds on copper. Shows the results of applying this approach in various critical temperatures.

Objective: Development of the theory of high-temperature ceramics to copper for transport systems on a magnetolevitation basis.

Method: In order to achieve this goal have been used the method in the diagram technique [1] for the four Fermion interaction with potential with a solid core of [2-3]. Twice the value of core wired with lattice parameter for the number of compounds on copper. Lattice parameters, etc. taken from the book [4]. The transition to the high temperature limit is produced directly in the main equation of superconductivity for the energy gap, which causes this equation to a linear integral equation. Most solved exactly. Definition of energy formation benefit this condensate is produced by calculating the correlative thermodynamic potential.

Results:

  1. the exact solution is obtained for the basic equation of superconductivity for energy gap in high temperature limit in volume, distributed (focused) on a sphere with some radius which is in back proportional to the critical temperature; the calculation of correlation for thermodynamic potential showed energy advantage formation such a condensate;
  2. the exact solution of the basic equation of superconductivity for energy gap allows a whole series of further decisions with less in an integer times temperatures as in table 18 in book [4];
  3. presents the results of detailed calculation of parameters for four types of high-temperature ceramics on copper at different critical temperatures; the effective interaction coupling ge has order of the Fermi weak interactions coupling in three orders of magnitude weaker than the electromagnetic one.

Conclusion: As a result of the research was developed the theory of high-temperature ceramics to copper for transport systems on a magnetolevitation basis. Superconducting condensate is localized at the surface of spheres of a discrete radius which is in inversely proportional to the critical temperature. Found that the pit depth ratio U = ge/Re to the critical temperature is incorporated in all cases to a constant value equal to 0.880 within allowable dispersion of 0.11.

Transportation Systems and Technology. 2016;2(4):60-76
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Development of new technologies in tunneling in hard rock
Kamanin Y.N., Ushakov L.S.
Abstract

The article talked about planetary executive body of miner combine.

Introduction: Doing work on the sinking of the strong rock is always associated with huge energy consumption. In particular due to the fact that in most modern roadheader destruction produced by cutting. A cutting rocks process is very energy-intensive and demanding to the quality of the cutting tool. Due to the nature of this method combines must have a very large mass and dimensions. These shortcomings are not critical during the passage of the long straight tunnel. But for sinking short process areas required technological machine considerably smaller dimensions. Such an instrument can be a roadheader with planetary shock the shearing executive body.

Objective: Development of miner combine the concept of planetary shock the shearing executive body.

Method: In order to achieve this goal have been used such scientific methods as analysis and synthesis, generalization, analogy, comparison, system approach. The analytical part of the work was carried out by examining the kinematics of the executive bodies for further optimization of their trajectories by SQP method.

Results:

  1. Describe the basic structure of the planetary shock-shear body heading machine;
  2. a study of the kinematics of the executive bodies;
  3. The obtained optimal values ​​of some parameters of planetary impact-shear body.

Conclusion:

As a result of the research has been the necessity to develop compact tunneling machines, based on the destruction of rock shock-mechanical process that allows point-and, at the same time, uniformly release the impact energy across the bottom surface. For uniform load distribution on the surface to be treated the optimum rotational speed of the executive bodies of the combine were calculated (SQP method). Presented article is a starting point for further development of the tunneling machines with planetary shock the shearing executive body.

Transportation Systems and Technology. 2016;2(4):77-86
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Cooling the high-temperature superconductor materials magnitolevitatsionnyh systems
Antonov Y.F., Krasnov A.S., Zimenkova T.S.
Abstract

One of the most pressing problems of modern transport systems in terms of volume growth and improve the quality of freight and passenger traffic in the world of today are increasing the traffic speed and decrease energy costs associated with these services. These problems can be solved through the introduction of high-speed, in particular maglev transport systems. This article provides a description and possible applications of cooling superconducting materials in the development of promising structures maglev transport systems. The relevance of the research world experience in the use of high-temperature superconducting materials using maglev technologies in various fields of science and technology.

The purpose of this article is to summarize the currently existing cooling systems of tendencies of development of low-temperature and high-temperature superconducting devices. Identify the key strategic directions of development of technologies in this field, as well as the generalization of performance characteristics of systems with low and high temperature superconducting devices.

Results: In this article of the used analytical methods. The results obtained in the course of the research, will create the basis for further research in the field of manufacture of superconducting materials and in the development of high-performance cooling systems.
The practical significance of the results is the significant simplification of further research in the field of superconducting technology and focus on the most important unsolved problems in this area.

Conclusions: The article deals with current issues of application systems cryostatting LTS and HTS systems using high-temperature superconductors. The existing to date design of cooling systems, as well as highlights of the promising directions of development of this area.

Transportation Systems and Technology. 2016;2(4):87-96
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Functional safety into electrified railways
Apollonskiy S.M.
Abstract

Increasing global attention to security issues resulting in the need for more detailed study of all aspects of safety, their definition and classification, to form a more correct legal regulations contain provisions required in the design and operation of high-tech industries. The result of this study - the emergence of new aspects of security.

One aspect to be considered, introduced the concept of "functional safety". This concept has already appeared in the international regulations governing the status, the implementation of which is recommended for the creation and operation of control systems for the automation of high-tech industries.

The concept of "functional safety" when administered in the Patriotic-governmental practice requires the use of the term, respectively reasoned determination of the system of domestic regulations with the necessary set of regulations governing the provision of its practical implementation.

The report addressed issues of functional safety and regulatory management in the field of electromagnetic compatibility of technical means on the electrified railways.

Transportation Systems and Technology. 2016;2(4):97-113
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Biomedical aspects of problems safe usage of transport Maglev
Rubinskiy A.V., Noskin L.A.
Abstract

Among the external physical factors that require attention during the process of projecting maglev transport, the key factor is the protection of staff and passengers from electromagnetic fields and mechanical accelerations that can cause extreme states in biochemical and physiological systems of living organisms.

Objective: creation of tools, methods and recommendation systems, allowing to objectify the assessment of collective and individual security of the human beings being under the influence of maglev transport; assess the maximum allowable parameters.

Methods: The most efficient way to achieve this goal is to use the methodology of polysystemic predictive diagnostics that allows to dynamically track in the degree of balance in regulative system of homeostasis which is a determining factor of individual adaptogenesis.

In accordance with the laws of biomechanics, biomagnetism and stress theory, the impact of these adverse factors is causing resistive and adaptive restoration physiological responses at the same time, which subsequently, with the continuation of action and increase of dose and load, modify and lead to extreme and critical (pathological) states in human organism.

From the literature on Biomagnetism, it follows that even weak magnetic fields can provide highly efficient action, and after organism being exposed to inductive magnetic fields of various intensity one-sided physiological shifts were observed. Organism's reactions to acceleration show similar behavior.

The practical significance of the work lies in the fact that the study will specify hygiene requirements in absolute values and duration of adverse factors on the railways. Exceeding the exposure dose exposure on these indicators can cause irreversible negative condition of the body. However, due to the emergence of a fundamentally new transport technology, existing concepts require refinement and updating.

Transportation Systems and Technology. 2016;2(4):114-127
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Intellectual capital formation in new economic space based on high-speed transport systems
Palkina E.S.
Abstract

Introduction: The competitiveness of national transport systems in the global economy is primarily determined by their innovativeness, which influences the quality, cost of transport services and, as a consequence, the degree of customer satisfaction. The innovative capacity of an economic agent, in turn, depends largely on the size and quality of intellectual capital.

Method: The "Economics of Transport of high speeds".

Result: In modern Russia the vector of transport system innovation development is determined by such an important indicator of the transportation process, as the delivery time of goods and passengers. An obvious consequence of the actualization of this vector of development of national transport system is the need of the Russian economy in its own personnel and scientific support for high-speed traffic development projects.

One of the leading transport universities of the Russian Federation, training industry experts, is the Petersburg State Transport University. Scientific and personnel potential of the University can be successfully used in the formation of the Eurasian economic space high-tech network of high-speed traffic.

Since 2015, in order to generate the intellectual capital for the Russian transport industry development, needed for creation of the national competitive innovative transport system, a new master's program "High-speed transport economics" has been implemented on the basis of the Transportation Economics Department, the PGUPS. This program is aimed at proactive quality training of competitive highly qualified specialists with innovative thinking, modern in-depth knowledge, skills and competences in the field of economics and management of transport companies (all modes of transport).

Conclusion: The socio-economic impact as a result of the implementation of the program is that the use of intellectual capital and organizational and managerial skills of its graduates for creation in Russia the competitive high-speed intelligent transport system will help to speed up delivery of goods and passengers, increase population mobility, enhance the economic and socio-cultural integration of the regions of the country, the sustainable territorial development of Russia, growth of labor productivity, improvement of transport services quality, the competitiveness of the national transport system in the global market of transport services, increase the use of transport-transit potential of the Russian Federation, its budget revenues from the export of transport services.

Transportation Systems and Technology. 2016;2(4):128-138
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